Marijuana refers to extracts of the Cannabis sativa plant, including its leaves and flowers. It also includes other closely related species commonly known as hemp. It is known by a variety of names including cannabis, weed, pot and so on.
Contrary to the belief that it has no side effects, marijuana is indeed not harmless. It can cause mild physical dependency and can also be psychologically addictive. In addition to this, it is known for causing long-term health problems as well as social, financial and family issues. Smoking marijuana has been linked to increasing the risk of liver, lungs, heart and vasculature diseases. It may also cause a suppression of the body’s immunity to disease, breathing problems and coughing.
The following are symptoms of marijuana addiction:
- Difficulty in quitting, despite noticeable harms that addiction has caused
- Compulsive urge or craving of marijuana
- Consumption of weed in larger amounts, and for longer
- Craving a high
- Neglect of responsibilities as a result of marijuana use
- An obvious tolerance to the substance, manifested by needing more marijuana for desired effects
- Physical dependence on marijuana which involves experiencing withdrawal symptoms when there is a drop in the level of the substance in the body. Withdrawal symptoms include mood changes, agitation, headaches, sleeplessness and nausea.
Rehab For Marijuana Addiction
Marijuana addiction is similar to other substance use disorder. As such, going to rehab provides you with effective treatment methods that helps you understand your addiction. Some of the standard treatments involve medications to deal with some of the withdrawal symptoms such as insomnia (although there are no medications that are indicated for treatment of marijuana use disorder). Some also involve behavioural therapies to enhance self-control and behavioural monitoring.
Typically, marijuana rehab programmes involve the following:
- There is an initial assessmentthat is carried out when going into rehab. It is an evaluation that is done in order to ascertain the level of addiction to marijuana, as well as to determine the causes for addiction, in the first place. During this evaluation, interviews are carried out to determine your level of dependence on marijuana, as well as mental and emotional illnesses that may have arisen as a result of this addiction. This helps the medical personnel map out a treatment plan based on your needs.
- Medical detoxis not always necessary during rehab for marijuana. A number of the withdrawal symptoms can be eased by the administration of prescription medications, as there are no specific medications used to treat marijuana withdrawal symptoms.
- Therapy and counselling sessions are the major components of effective marijuana addiction treatment. Psychological and behavioural therapies, help to rid you of marijuana dependence, and form healthier patterns.
- Education sessions to aid understanding marijuana should also be expected. In marijuana rehab, users are educated to understand how the substance works, and its effects on the central nervous system in order to make informed decisions in the future, and overcome cravings.
- Supportive services are also part of rehab- to help patients get back into society and function normally. Also, to create a relapse prevention plan.